AskDefine | Define tribunal

Dictionary Definition

tribunal n : an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business [syn: court, judicature]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Tribunal

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

From tribunal.

Noun

  1. an assembly including one or more judges to conduct judicial business; a court of law

Translations

  • Kurdish: dadgeh, mehkeme

Related terms

French

Etymology

From tribunal.

Pronunciation

Noun

tribunal (plural tribunaux)

Latin

Etymology

From tribunus.

Noun

tribunal

Spanish

Noun

  1. tribunal

See also

Extensive Definition

Tribunal is a generic term for any body acting judicially, whether or not it is called a tribunal in its title. For example, an advocate appearing before a Court on which a single Judge was sitting could describe that judge as 'their tribunal'.
In the Roman Catholic Church, a tribunal usually refers to literally one of three instances of ecclesiastical courts: (1) a diocesan tribunal (2) a provincial tribunal, that is, of more than one diocese and commonly referred to as an appellate court (3) the Sacra Rota Romana, or Sacred Roman Rota, the highest court of appeals.
Many bodies that are titled 'tribunals' are so described to emphasize the fact that they are not courts of normal jurisdiction. For example the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda is a body specially constituted under international law; in Great Britain, Employment Tribunals are bodies set up to hear specific employment disputes. Private judicial bodies are also often styled 'tribunals'. The word 'tribunal' is not conclusive of a body's function. For example, in Great Britain, the Employment Appeal Tribunal is a superior court of record.

Tribunals in Republic of Ireland

the Republic of Ireland, the word tribunal is popularly used to refer to a public inquiry established under the Tribunals of Inquiry (Evidence) Act 1921. The main difference between a Parliamentary Inquiry (non statutory) and a Tribunal of Inquiry in Ireland is that non-statutory inquiries are not vested with the powers, privileges and rights of the High Court; Tribunals of Inquiry are. Tribunals are established by resolution of the Houses of the Oireachtas to enquire into matters of urgent public importance. It is not a function of Tribunals to administer justice, their work is solely inquisitorial. Tribunals are obliged to report their findings to the Oireachtas. They have the power to enforce the attendance and examination of witnesses and the production of documents relevant to the work in hand. Tribunals can consist of one or more people. A layperson, or non lawyer, may be the Sole member of a Tribunal.

Tribunals in the United Kingdom

mainarticle Tribunals in the United Kingdom The tribunal system of the United Kingdom is part the national system of administrative justice. Though it has grown up on an ad hoc basis since the beginning of the twentieth century, from 2007 reforms were put in place to build a unified system with recognised judicial authority, routes of appeal and regulatory supervision.
tribunal in Bulgarian: Трибунал
tribunal in German: Tribunal
tribunal in Esperanto: Tribunalo (historio)
tribunal in Norwegian: Tribunal
tribunal in Russian: Трибунал
tribunal in Swedish: Tribunal

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

British Cabinet, Sanhedrin, US Cabinet, advisory body, assembly, association, balcony, bar, bench, board, body of advisers, borough council, brain trust, cabinet, camarilla, catafalque, chamber, city council, common council, conference, congress, consultative assembly, council, council fire, council of ministers, council of state, council of war, county council, court, court of justice, curial, dais, deliberative assembly, diet, directory, divan, emplacement, estrade, floor, gallery, heliport, hustings, judicial, judiciary, junta, kitchen cabinet, landing, landing pad, landing stage, launching pad, legislature, parish council, platform, podium, privy council, pulpit, rostrum, soapbox, soviet, staff, stage, step terrace, stump, syndicate, synod, terrace, tribune
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